The independent Vatican City-state, on the other hand, came into existence on 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.
Vatican City is the world’s smallest country. The Vatican City State is the Holy See’s independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy, an area of 49 hectares (121 acres) and a population of about 805.
Formation of Vatican City State
You might be thinking how did this smallest country form? The Vatican City has already existed before the official arrangement.
The Vatican City State was founded following the signing of the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and Italy on February 11th, 1929.
With this pact Vatican City became Vatican City State.
Only the Best
Vatican City: The Capitol of the Catholic Church
Vatican City – The Capitol of Catholic Church, home to the pope, and hoses the impressive collections. Vatican City is not member of ICC and ICC i.e. International Criminal Court has power to take legal actions against individuals for the international crimes. Before the formation of Vatican City State, Pope, didn’t leave the Vatican compound until 1929, i.e., until the formation of Vatican City State itself, by special pact with the legislation of Italy.
Not A Member of ICC
The Vatican City State is not a member of the International Criminal Court (ICC). It’s an intergovernmental organisation and international tribunal operates from The Hague, Netherlands.
For 60 Years
Popes refused to leave the city
The secular government of Italy integrated all the papal states into one. But, Popes didn’t recognise the Italian king’s right to rule in Rome.
Mussolini, the head of the Italian government, signed the treaty on behalf of King Victor Emmanuel III. The dispute was settled in 1929 with the signing of the Lateran Pacts, which allowed the Vatican to exist as its own sovereign state and compensated the church $92 million. Source
Bishop of Rome
The Vatican City State is ruled by the Bishop of Rome.
The Vatican City State is the headquarters of Roman Catholic Church.
11 February 1929
The name of the country is first time used on 11 February 1929 .
Vatican city shares 2 miles border with Italy.
Facts About Vatican City
“Vatican owns a telescope.”
The Vatican has own observatory. Due to increase in light pollution in Vatican in 1981 the Vatican purchased a state of the art telescope in Arizona, USA.
“Vatican has its own army.”
“The dedicated army known as Pontifical Swiss Guards.” It consists of 135 perfect people, enough to protect the Vatican city. Known more about it in Dan Browns novels.
“Owns a football team.”
“The team player are most of the citizens of Vatican City State, the employees.“
Police officers, workers, etc. constituents the team members.
“Shortest rail network”
“Vatican has world’s shortest railway network.” The train facility not available for public transport. Its main purpose is to carry the goods and cerimonial things.
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