Ubuntu: The leading Operating System in the market.
Ubuntu is one of the most widely used operating systems in the world. The 15-year-old operating system now supports cloud computing, servers, desktop computers, and even IoT. Canonical Ltd. developed operating system is now the world’s most popular operating system.
The Ubuntu started its journey from 2004. Now, in 2020 it has standing tall above the others. A lot has changed since its original inception. World’s top gaming brands are supporting Ubuntu in its development and maintenance.
We will see this in the list of interesting facts about Ubuntu 2020. The article will be updated from time to time to maintain the freshness. If you have any doubt, suggestions or anything, kindly, get in touch with us.
Why they call it "Ubuntu"?
It’s a South African terminology. It simply means, “humanity to others”. Canonical Ltd. (the Ubuntu developer company) clears their purpose behind, the project Ubuntu, as “I am what I am because of who we all are”.
In their own words –
“Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It is often described as reminding us that ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. We bring the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers and software. The Ubuntu distribution represents the best of what the world’s software community has shared with the world.” (Source: Ubuntu)
The Ubuntu Lifecycle & Releases
This best Linux distribution has been in continuous development since 2004. Many major and minor releases have been winning the market for 15 years, now.
As of August 2020, Ubuntu has released 32 releases until now, out of which 8 are LTS (Long Term Support). In order to help businesses and community of developers, they publish new releases as per schedule, twice a year.
Ubuntu Version Number Represents Release Year & Month (YY.MM)
They follow the specific version number convention, “YY.MM.” A new release goes live every six months (April & October). This is why you get either xx.04 or xx.10.
Ubuntu is developer friendly! It looks like, they’ve even carried out version numbering convention of developer community.
Ubuntu is Linux!
Most of the Ubuntu users are aware that, it’s a Linux distribution. But, for laymen, if you’re using Ubuntu, you’re actually on a Linux based free and open-source operating system. The era of real open-source software started with the inception of Linux.
We’ll see more about Linux in a later post, let’s focus on Ubuntu!
A software system that uses Linux kernel is known as a Linux distribution. Linux kernel is the heart of any operating system, which allows the communication between the hardware and the system software, i.e. OS. Linux distributions are Unix-like operating systems based on Linux kernel.
Once upon a time there was a Goobuntu!
It’s a Ubuntu LTS Linux distribution. It was highly customized version of Ubuntu used by more than 10,000 Google employees. It was personalized by using a number of security patches and packages.
A Google technical leader for Linux machines Thomas Bushnell unveiled this custom release at LinuxCon 2012. He explained the “Goobuntu is simply a light skin over standard Ubuntu”. Google never said whether they’ll invest in marketing the Ubuntu or not.
In 2018, Google replaced Goobuntu with gLinux, a Debian Linux distribution.
Ubuntu has about 8 official variants!
At present, Ubuntu has almost 8 distributions with added features. We’ve already discussed Goobuntu in the previous post, now Google is no more using it.
Official Ubuntu Distributions:
- Kubuntu – An official derivative of Ubuntu using KDE instead of the GNOME.
- Lubuntu – A lightweight Linux distribution based on Ubuntu, using the LXQt desktop environment in place of Ubuntu’s GNOME desktop.
- Ubuntu Budgie – Budgie is a desktop environment that uses GNOME technologies such as GTK+ and is developed by the Solus project.
- Ubuntu Kylin – Official Chinese version of the Ubuntu.
- Ubuntu MATE – A derivative of Ubuntu using MATE, a desktop environment forked from the now-defunct GNOME 2 codebase.
- Ubuntu Server – An official derivative made for use in servers & IBM mainframes.
- Ubuntu Studio – It’s an Ubuntu flavor bundled with open-source applications for multimedia creation aimed at the audio, video, and graphic editors.
- Xubuntu – An official derivative of Ubuntu using Xfce, a community-maintained derivative of the Ubuntu.