What is Snooker anyway?
Snooker is played on a baize-covered table, 12 feet by 6 feet, using a cue, one white cue ball, 15 red balls, and 6 of various colors. Each color is assigned a point value. A red ball is worth 1 point; a yellow, 2; green, 3; Brown, 4; blue, 5; pink, 6; and black, 7. A player wins a frame by scoring more points than his opponent, using the cue ball to “pot” the balls in the table’s pockets in a prescribed manner.
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- Snooker was originated in India from an English officer’s mess.
- It was played the first time in 1975 in India.
- Army officer Sir Neville Chamberlain devised a set of rules for snooker when he was posted in Ooty (India).
- The “snooker” is an older term used to address the first-year cadets and inexperienced military personnel.
- The original inspiration for Snooker first came from Croquet, a game where colored balls are hit through hoops in the ground with a mallet.
- One game, from the balls in their starting position until the last ball is potted, is called a “frame”.
- The player who scores more points wins the game or ‘frame’. A match consists of an agreed number of frames.
- Accessories used for snooker include chalk for the tip of the cue, rests of various sorts used for playing shots that cannot be played by hand, a triangle to rack the reds, and a scoreboard.
- Snooker is a cue type of sport. Cue sports are games played with balls on a cloth-covered table that has rubber railings (called “cushions”) around it to keep the balls on the table. Two or more people use sticks (called cues) to make one ball (the cue ball) hit other balls. In the past, all cue sports were called billiards, but that term has various different meanings in different areas.
- Most professional matches require a player to win five frames and are called “best of nine” in reference to the maximum possible number of frames.
- When the cue ball is pocketed it is commonly referred to as “scratching”.
- A foul shot that leaves no valid shot for the opponent can leave them a free ball. A free ball allows a player to use any other colored ball in place of the shot they were supposed to play.
- It can also be played on smaller tables using fewer red balls.
- A traditional snooker scoreboard resembles an abacus and records units, tens, and hundreds via horizontal sliding pointers.
- BBC aired the snooker TV show Pot Black. It was a TV series of annual snooker tournaments held in the UK from 1969 to 1986.
- The event carried no ranking points but played a large part in the popularisation of the modern game of snooker.
- The governing body that currently organizes this event is the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association (WPBSA).
- The world governing body of snooker has submitted a bid to have the sport included at the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo. The World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association say snooker should be accepted because of its worldwide appeal.
- In 1919, the Billiards Association and the Billiards Control Board merged to form the Billiards Association and Control Club (BA&CC).
- In 1927 the first World Snooker Championship was organized by Joe Davis. He won all 15 editions of the tournament he entered. He was a professional English billiards and snooker player. His last title came in 1946 when he retired unbeaten from the World Championship but kept playing in other tournaments.
- The snooker professional era began with Joe Davis in the 1930s. Joseph Davis was an English professional snooker and English billiards player. He was the dominant figure in snooker from the 1920s to the 1950s and has been credited with inventing aspects of the way that the game is now played, such as break building.
- In 1959, Davis introduced a variation of the game known as “Snooker Plus” to try to improve the game’s popularity by adding two extra colors, but this failed to gain interest.
- The World Snooker Championship is an annual ranking snooker tournament founded in 1927 and since 1977 played at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England.
- Tony Drago has the record for achieving the fastest century break at a Snooker Tournament. He hit the 100 point mark in a 3 minute and 31-second blur.
- A television audience of 18.5million watched Dennis Taylor beat Steve Davis on the final black in 1985 final.
- The youngest world champion was Hendry in 1990. The Scot was just 21 when he beat Jimmy White 18-12.
- The first to achieve the maximum break of 147 was E.J. Murt O’Donoghue (New Zealand) (1901-94) at Griffiths, New South Wales, Australia on 26 Sep 1934.
- There has been only one whitewash in a match at the World Championship. It came in the first round in 1992 when 62-year-old Australian Eddie Charlton was beaten 10-0 by defending champion John Parrott. In sport, a whitewash or sweep is a series in which a person or team wins all games.
- The fastest 147 maximum breaks in snooker history came at the World Championship and were achieved by Ronnie O’Sullivan in 1997.
- The youngest man to win a world title is Michael White (Wales) (b. 5 Aug 1991) who was 14 yr 210 days when he won the World Amateur Snooker Championships in Prestatyn, Wales on 3 Mar 2006.
- In 2006 Jamie Cope became the first player to record a 155 break.
- The youngest player to score a competitive maximum break is Sean Maddocks (the UK, b. 10 April 2002), who was 15 years 90 days old when he achieved the feat during the LiteTask Pro-Am series, in Leeds, UK, on 9 July 2017. The break took place in the Northern Snooker Centre and was in the last 32 matches against England’s international Jake Nicholson.
- The longest frame played lasted 123 minutes and 41 seconds. It was the deciding frame between Fergal O’Brien and David Gilbert in the last qualifying round for the 2017 World Championship.
- The record of the most tournament wins is held by Ronnie O’Sullivan. He has won 37 ranking titles in his career. By winning the 2010 Party Casino Premier League Ronnie O’Sullivan became the first man to win a single professional title on nine separate occasions, surpassing Steve Davis’ previous record of eight. He also won in 2011 to make it 10.
- Ronnie O’Sullivan won the World Snooker Championship 2020 and became the oldest winner of the World Snooker Championship since Reardon.
- Snooker has variants as American Snooker, Power snooker, Sinuca brasilira (A Brazilian version), Six-red Snooker, Snookerpool, Snooker Plus, and Tenball.