Easter Island is most famous for monolithic stone structures. These large artifacts are known as Moai. These moai are constructed by early Rapa Nui people.
The island is situated in the Pacific Ocean, on latitude -27.15 and longitude -109.4, 3600 km west of Chile. The site got listed as the UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in 1994-95. The most part in covered within Rapa Nui National Park.
The total area of 64 square miles in the South Pacific Ocean is also known as Rapa Nui. The island was named by an European visiter, the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen, who encountered it on Easter Sunday in 1722.
There are more than 900 moai artifacts on the island. The large monolithic structures were built by Nui’s between 1400 – 1650 A.D.
The tallest moai ever erected is named “paro”. It’s about 10 metres in height. It weighs about 82 tonnes.
The heaviest moai ever erected is Ahu Tongariki. Its weight is about to 86 tonnes.
One of the unfinished statues, if completed, would have been approx 21 meters tall. And, also would have been weighed about 145–165 tons. It would be the tallest and heaviest ever moai in the world.
The stone monoliths were built to honor chieftain or other important people who had passed away. The artifacts were placed on were placed on rectangular stone platforms called ahu. Ahu are the tombs of the people to whom these statues represent.
Got listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994. The Rapa Nui National Park and the moʻai are included in the 1972 UN convention concerning the protection of the world’s cultural and natural heritage.
It is one of the most remote inhabited islands in the world. The nearest inhabited land is “Pitcairn Island”, 2,075 kilometers away. The nearest town with a population of over 500 is “Rikitea”.
The island was named by the Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen. He is the first recorded European visitor to the island in 1722.
The heads on Easter Island are actually full-bodied statues. We’ll talk about that later.
Tourism is the main source of income for the Rapa Nui islanders. The tourism service providers are well-equipped with all necessary goodes. Due to advancement in travel and accomodation facilities the island is facing the problem of increasing population, which is also causing the problems like traffic jams.
What are your thoughts on Easter Island? The monolithic stone artifacts present on the island make it famous. Do you think these are man-made? If answer is yes it’s ok, but, if you’re against this, please let’s known your opinion in the comments section.
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